Asian continents-Asia | History, Countries, Map, & Facts |

Asia Continent Information: Asia is a continent in the eastern and northern hemispheres. It is located east of Europe, north of the Indian Ocean, and it is bordered on the east by the Pacific Ocean and on the north by the Arctic Ocean. Asia includes the Philippines Islands and Indonesia. Asia Natural Resources: Asia has enormous amounts of virtually untapped fossil fuel, metal and industrial mineral resources. Asia Natural Hazards: Asia has a wide range of natural hazards.

Asian continents

Asian continents

Asian continents

Asian continents

Asian continents 9 November Other innovations, such as writing, seem to have been Donna texas news individually in each area. Main article: Languages of Asia. She is Asian continents Buddhist and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in Turkey is officially, politically and geographically considered part of both Asia and Europe. Forms of early Hinduism were practiced in South Asia as far back as the Indus Valley Civilization, and it was codified as a religion during the Vedic Period which followed it. Retrieved 4 July He defines it carefully, [24] mentioning the previous geographers whom he had read, Asian continents whose works are now missing. The Mongol Empire conquered a large part of Asia in the 13th century, an area extending from China to Europe. However, the name Myanmar is widely accepted by the majority of countries, and by the United Nations.

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East Timor. Archived from Asian continents original on 27 November China Asian continents the Knowledge Economy: Seizing the 21st Century. Retrieved 24 January Table Of Contents. Asia is bounded by Asiwn Arctic Ocean to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Indian Ocean to the south, the Red Sea as well as the inland seas of the Atlantic Ocean —the Mediterranean and the Black to the southwest, and Europe to the west. See also Regions of the world Continental fragment. Asian continents Big phat apple bottoms Geographically, Asia is the major eastern constituent of the continent of Eurasia with Europe being a northwestern peninsula of the landmass. Asia is the largest continent in the world by a considerable margin, and it is rich in natural resources, such as petroleum, forests, fish, water, rice, copper and silver.

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  • It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa.
  • The region is situated in the southeastern part of the continent, south of China, east of India, and to the north of Australia.
  • A continent is one of several very large landmasses.

It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa. The continent, which has long been home to the majority of the human population , [4] was the site of many of the first civilizations. Asia is notable for not only its overall large size and population, but also dense and large settlements, as well as vast barely populated regions.

Its 4. In general terms, Asia is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean, and on the north by the Arctic Ocean.

The border of Asia with Europe is a historical and cultural construct , as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. It is somewhat arbitrary and has moved since its first conception in classical antiquity.

The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East—West cultural, linguistic, and ethnic differences, some of which vary on a spectrum rather than with a sharp dividing line. China and India alternated in being the largest economies in the world from 1 to CE. China was a major economic power and attracted many to the east, [7] [8] [9] and for many the legendary wealth and prosperity of the ancient culture of India personified Asia, [10] attracting European commerce, exploration and colonialism.

The accidental discovery of a trans-Atlantic route from Europe to America by Columbus while in search for a route to India demonstrates this deep fascination. The Silk Road became the main east—west trading route in the Asian hinterlands while the Straits of Malacca stood as a major sea route.

Asia has exhibited economic dynamism particularly East Asia as well as robust population growth during the 20th century, but overall population growth has since fallen. It also has a mix of many different climates ranging from the equatorial south via the hot desert in the Middle East , temperate areas in the east and the continental centre to vast subarctic and polar areas in Siberia.

The border between Asia and Europe was historically defined by European academics. The major geographical theorist of the empire was actually a former Swedish prisoner-of-war, taken at the Battle of Poltava in and assigned to Tobolsk , where he associated with Peter's Siberian official, Vasily Tatishchev , and was allowed freedom to conduct geographical and anthropological studies in preparation for a future book.

In Sweden, five years after Peter's death, in Philip Johan von Strahlenberg published a new atlas proposing the Ural Mountains as the border of Asia. Tatishchev announced that he had proposed the idea to von Strahlenberg.

The latter had suggested the Emba River as the lower boundary. Over the next century various proposals were made until the Ural River prevailed in the midth century. The border between Asia and the region of Oceania is usually placed somewhere in the Malay Archipelago. The Maluku Islands in Indonesia are often considered to lie on the border of southeast Asia, with New Guinea , to the east of the islands, being wholly part of Oceania. The terms Southeast Asia and Oceania, devised in the 19th century, have had several vastly different geographic meanings since their inception.

The chief factor in determining which islands of the Malay Archipelago are Asian has been the location of the colonial possessions of the various empires there not all European. Lewis and Wigen assert, "The narrowing of 'Southeast Asia' to its present boundaries was thus a gradual process. Geographical Asia is a cultural artifact of European conceptions of the world, beginning with the Ancient Greeks , being imposed onto other cultures, an imprecise concept causing endemic contention about what it means.

Asia does not exactly correspond to the cultural borders of its various types of constituents. From the time of Herodotus a minority of geographers have rejected the three-continent system Europe, Africa, Asia on the grounds that there is no substantial physical separation between them.

Geographically, Asia is the major eastern constituent of the continent of Eurasia with Europe being a northwestern peninsula of the landmass. Asia, Europe and Africa make up a single continuous landmass— Afro-Eurasia except for the Suez Canal —and share a common continental shelf.

The idea of a place called "Asia" was originally a concept of Greek civilization , [18] though this might not correspond to the entire continent currently known by that name.

The English word comes from Latin literature, where it has the same form, "Asia". Whether "Asia" in other languages comes from Latin of the Roman Empire is much less certain, and the ultimate source of the Latin word is uncertain, though several theories have been published.

One of the first classical writers to use Asia as a name of the whole continent was Pliny. Before Greek poetry, the Aegean Sea area was in a Greek Dark Age , at the beginning of which syllabic writing was lost and alphabetic writing had not begun. Prior to then in the Bronze Age the records of the Assyrian Empire , the Hittite Empire and the various Mycenaean states of Greece mention a region undoubtedly Asia, certainly in Anatolia, including if not identical to Lydia.

These records are administrative and do not include poetry. The Mycenaean states were destroyed about BCE by unknown agents although one school of thought assigns the Dorian invasion to this time. A major cache discovered by Carl Blegen at the site of ancient Pylos included hundreds of male and female names formed by different methods. Some of these are of women held in servitude as study of the society implied by the content reveals.

They were used in trades, such as cloth-making, and usually came with children. The epithet lawiaiai , "captives", associated with some of them identifies their origin. Some are ethnic names. One in particular, aswiai, identifies "women of Asia".

Chadwick suggests that the names record the locations where these foreign women were purchased. There is a masculine form, aswios. This Aswia appears to have been a remnant of a region known to the Hittites as Assuwa, centered on Lydia, or "Roman Asia". This name, Assuwa , has been suggested as the origin for the name of the continent "Asia". Reid supports this alternative etymology, noting that the ancient Greek name must have derived from asu , meaning 'east' in Assyrian ereb for Europe meaning 'west'.

The Romans named a province Asia , located in western Anatolia in modern-day Turkey. Ancient Greek certainly evidences early and rich uses of the name. The first continental use of Asia is attributed to Herodotus about BCE , not because he innovated it, but because his Histories are the earliest surviving prose to describe it in any detail.

He defines it carefully, [24] mentioning the previous geographers whom he had read, but whose works are now missing. Hesione , but that the Lydians say it was named after Asies, son of Cotys, who passed the name on to a tribe at Sardis.

In ancient Greek religion, places were under the care of female divinities, parallel to guardian angels. The poets detailed their doings and generations in allegoric language salted with entertaining stories, which subsequently playwrights transformed into classical Greek drama and became "Greek mythology". For example, Hesiod mentions the daughters of Tethys and Ocean , among whom are a "holy company", "who with the Lord Apollo and the Rivers have youths in their keeping".

Hesiod explains: [28]. For there are three-thousand neat-ankled daughters of Ocean who are dispersed far and wide, and in every place alike serve the earth and the deep waters. The history of Asia can be seen as the distinct histories of several peripheral coastal regions: East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East, linked by the interior mass of the Central Asian steppes.

The coastal periphery was home to some of the world's earliest known civilizations, each of them developing around fertile river valleys. These civilizations may well have exchanged technologies and ideas such as mathematics and the wheel.

Other innovations, such as writing, seem to have been developed individually in each area. Cities, states and empires developed in these lowlands. The central steppe region had long been inhabited by horse-mounted nomads who could reach all areas of Asia from the steppes. The earliest postulated expansion out of the steppe is that of the Indo-Europeans , who spread their languages into the Middle East, South Asia, and the borders of China, where the Tocharians resided.

These areas remained very sparsely populated. The Caucasus and Himalaya mountains and the Karakum and Gobi deserts formed barriers that the steppe horsemen could cross only with difficulty. The Islamic Caliphate 's defeats of the Byzantine and Persian empires led to West Asia and southern parts of Central Asia and western parts of South Asia under its control during its conquests of the 7th century.

The Mongol Empire conquered a large part of Asia in the 13th century, an area extending from China to Europe. Before the Mongol invasion, Song dynasty reportedly had approximately million citizens; the census which followed the invasion reported roughly 60 million people. In the 17th century, the Manchu conquered China and established the Qing dynasty.

Map of western, southern, and central Asia in [36]. The map of Asia in , which also included the continent of Australia then known as New Holland. Asia is the largest continent on Earth. Asia is generally defined as comprising the eastern four-fifths of Eurasia. Asia is subdivided into 48 countries, three of them Russia, Kazakhstan and Turkey having part of their land in Europe.

Asia has extremely diverse climates and geographic features. Climates range from arctic and subarctic in Siberia to tropical in southern India and Southeast Asia. It is moist across southeast sections, and dry across much of the interior. Some of the largest daily temperature ranges on Earth occur in western sections of Asia. The monsoon circulation dominates across southern and eastern sections, due to the presence of the Himalayas forcing the formation of a thermal low which draws in moisture during the summer.

Southwestern sections of the continent are hot. Siberia is one of the coldest places in the Northern Hemisphere, and can act as a source of arctic air masses for North America. The Yangtze River in China is the longest river in the continent. The Himalayas between Nepal and China is the tallest mountain range in the world. Tropical rainforests stretch across much of southern Asia and coniferous and deciduous forests lie farther north. A survey carried out in by global risk analysis farm Maplecroft identified 16 countries that are extremely vulnerable to climate change.

Each nation's vulnerability was calculated using 42 socio, economic and environmental indicators, which identified the likely climate change impacts during the next 30 years.

The Asian countries of Bangladesh , India, Vietnam , Thailand, Pakistan and Sri Lanka were among the 16 countries facing extreme risk from climate change. Some shifts are already occurring. For example, in tropical parts of India with a semi-arid climate , the temperature increased by 0.

A study by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics ICRISAT aimed to find science-based, pro-poor approaches and techniques that would enable Asia's agricultural systems to cope with climate change, while benefitting poor and vulnerable farmers.

The study's recommendations ranged from improving the use of climate information in local planning and strengthening weather-based agro-advisory services, to stimulating diversification of rural household incomes and providing incentives to farmers to adopt natural resource conservation measures to enhance forest cover, replenish groundwater and use renewable energy.

Around 68 percent of international firms have office in Hong Kong. For several decades in the late twentieth century Japan was the largest economy in Asia and second-largest of any single nation in the world, after surpassing the Soviet Union measured in net material product in and Germany in This ended in when China overtook Japan to become the world's second largest economy.

Asia is the largest continent in the world by a considerable margin, and it is rich in natural resources, such as petroleum, forests, fish, water, rice, copper and silver.

Japan and South Korea continue to dominate in the area of multinational corporations , but increasingly the PRC and India are making significant inroads.

Georgia [90]. Plate tectonics offers yet another way of defining continents. Europe and Asia are technically located on the same overall landmass, and combined the two are referred to as Eurasia. Subcontinents Arabian Peninsula Indian subcontinent. Cambridge: University Press. Catherine Soanes and Angus Stevenson.

Asian continents

Asian continents. Fun Facts about Asia:


Geography for Kids: Asian countries and the continent of Asia

It occupies the eastern four-fifths of the giant Eurasian landmass. In addition, the peoples of Asia have established the broadest variety of human adaptation found on any of the continents. The name Asia is ancient, and its origin has been variously explained. The Greeks used it to designate the lands situated to the east of their homeland.

When Western explorers reached South and East Asia in early modern times, they extended that label to the whole of the immense landmass. Asia is bounded by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Indian Ocean to the south, the Red Sea as well as the inland seas of the Atlantic Ocean —the Mediterranean and the Black to the southwest, and Europe to the west. Asia is separated from North America to the northeast by the Bering Strait and from Australia to the southeast by the seas and straits connecting the Indian and Pacific oceans.

The Isthmus of Suez unites Asia with Africa , and it is generally agreed that the Suez Canal forms the border between them. The land boundary between Asia and Europe is a historical and cultural construct that has been defined variously; only as a matter of agreement is it tied to a specific borderline. Thus, the isthmus between the Black and Caspian seas, which culminates in the Caucasus mountain range to the south, is part of Asia.

The total area of Asia, including Asian Russia with the Caucasian isthmus but excluding the island of New Guinea , amounts to some 17,, square miles 44,, square km , roughly one-third of the land surface of Earth. The islands—including Taiwan , those of Japan and Indonesia , Sakhalin and other islands of Asian Russia, Sri Lanka , Cyprus , and numerous smaller islands—together constitute 1,, square miles 3,, square km , about 7 percent of the total.

Although New Guinea is mentioned occasionally in this article, it generally is not considered a part of Asia. Asia has the highest average elevation of the continents and contains the greatest relative relief.

Those physiographic extremes and the overall predominance of mountain belts and plateaus are the result of the collision of tectonic plates. In geologic terms, Asia comprises several very ancient continental platforms and other blocks of land that merged over the eons. The northeastward movement of the subcontinent continues at about 2.

The impact and pressure continue to raise the Plateau of Tibet and the Himalayas. The specific features of the coastline in some areas—especially in the east and southeast—are the result of active volcanism; thermal abrasion of permafrost caused by a combination of the action of breaking waves and thawing , as in northeastern Siberia; and coral growth, as in the areas to the south and southeast.

Accreting sandy beaches also occur in many areas, such as along the Bay of Bengal and the Gulf of Thailand. Migration across those barriers has been possible only through mountain passes. A historical movement of population from the arid zones of Central Asia has followed the mountain passes into the Indian subcontinent. There is a concentration of population in western Asia as well as great concentrations in the Indian subcontinent and the eastern half of China.

There are also appreciable concentrations in the Pacific borderlands and on the islands, but vast areas of Central and North Asia—whose forbidding climates limit agricultural productivity—have remained sparsely populated.

Of those, only Christianity developed primarily outside of Asia; it exerts little influence on the continent, though many Asian countries have Christian minorities. Buddhism has had a greater impact outside its birthplace in India and is prevalent in various forms in China, South Korea , Japan, the Southeast Asian countries, and Sri Lanka.

Islam has spread out of Arabia eastward to South and Southeast Asia. This article surveys the physical and human geography of Asia. For discussion of individual countries of the continent, see specific articles by name—e. For discussion of major cities of the continent, see specific articles by name—e.

The principal treatment of Asian historical and cultural development is contained in the articles on Asian countries, regions, and cities and in the articles Palestine, history of and Islamic world.

Related topics are discussed in articles on religion e. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Written By: Graham P. Narasimhan Clifton W.

Pannell …See All Contributors. Start Your Free Trial Today. Load Next Page. National Geographic - Asia: Physical Geography. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.

Asian continents