I will be honest I did not truly realize how colourful and fantastic s flooring was I think I was distracted by all the other items to look at in images , and this discovery intrigued me to see what other designs were out there. So Friends…. Why Linoleum? So ideal for a room in the house like the kitchen. On side note, why does the kitchen look like it should be outside?
Can I install Marmoleum by myself? Try the search box just below, or if you prefer, linokeum a question or comment in the Comments box below and we will respond promptly. Natural linoleum is bio-based, highly durable, non-toxic, anti-microbial and easy to maintain. Vintage floor linoleum Sheet and Marmoleum Tile are very popular in commercial bathrooms and locker rooms such as schools, hospitals, and office buildings. By signing up, you agree to receive Green Building Supply emails and promotions. Vintage floor linoleum this helps a little bit. Tip: If you live in an apartment or condo with concrete subfloors, make sure that it's Portland cement grey concrete and not gypsum white, lightweight or Gypcrete.
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Joe Yutkins. Original hand cut linoleum floors! For product Vintage floor linoleum and information for your current location, you may prefer browsing our Japan site. For product availability and information for your current location, you may prefer browsing our New Zealand site. Sign up today for our FREE email newsletters and get helpful tips delivered to your email inbox. EPA lead website Laminate Flooring Laminate Flooring. Hardwood Any homeowner seeking traditional or contemporary natural styles can purchase their hardwood flooring from Linoleum City. And lucky house — to have found you! Visite Armstrong Flooring de Bolivia. Durability is another of linoleum's attributes; some floors have survived Vintage floor linoleum to 40 years in tough commercial environments. Los Angeles, CA
Natural linoleum is bio-based, highly durable, non-toxic, anti-microbial and easy to maintain.
- Does anyone know where to find design ideas for Vinyl tiles?
- Sheet linoleum with a custom inlaid border covers the mudroom floor of the This Old House project house, a Shingle Style in Belmont, Massachusetts.
Natural linoleum is bio-based, highly durable, non-toxic, anti-microbial and easy to maintain. See summary chart showing all the details at end of this document. Sheet: 2. All are glued down with Forbo Sustain adhesive. Tile: 2. Both are glued down with Forbo Sustain adhesive. Which Marmoleum is best for you? Subfloors are usually made of concrete or wood plywood, OSB, chipboard. Proper installation requires that the subfloor be clean, dry, flat, smooth and free of dips and bumps.
Cracks and sloping subfloors need to be filled and leveled; this can be costly, as it usually requires professional installation. A plywood underlayment may also be needed on top of the subfloor. Note: Marmoleum sheet and tile cannot be glued directly to underlayment or subfloors made of luan, particleboard or chipboard because these materials expand and contract too much and are not stable.
Tip: If you live in an apartment or condo with concrete subfloors, make sure that it's Portland cement grey concrete and not gypsum white, lightweight or Gypcrete. Special priming will need to be administered if it's gypsum-based. Larger variations in your subfloor will cause too much stress on the click mechanism and eventually wear it out. If you have asbestos tile, before installation please consult with professionals who provide asbestos abatement. In older homes, click panels and squares are preferred because they're easier and faster to install than sheet or tile, and they require much less floor preparation.
If you install the flooring directly over another floor such as vinyl, ceramic or hardwood, you can save time and money because there's no tear out required. This is possible with Marmoleum click because it requires no glue or nails, and it floats over the existing flooring or subflooring. Proper vapor barriers are required such as Moisture Block; however, old sheet vinyl can act as a vapor barrier. Installation of Marmoleum sheet or tile in an older home requires complete removal of the existing floor and usually some adjustment to the subfloor, as it has often settled or warped over time.
In new construction, any of the three products can be used as there's usually little or no prep work required. For DIY installations, the click products are the easiest, but Marmoleum tile can be a good option because it's easy to install piece-by-piece and there's little waste.
They are certainly easier to install than the sheet goods. Tip: The use of Marmoleum sheet usually requires professional installation due to the seams which require special tools and lots of experience. If, however, the width of the room is less than 79", as in a small bathroom, there may be no seams, and sheet goods should be considered.
Cutting Marmoleum is relatively easy and not too challenging in small rooms. However, unlike tile-which can be discarded if you make a bad cut-there can be no mistakes with sheet goods as one bad cut can ruin the entire piece. When you look at the costs of Marmoleum plus installation and maintenance, it can be less than cork , bamboo , hardwood and ceramic or vinyl tile.
But, it all depends upon how much prep has to be done and who will do the installation and maintenance. Bear in mind, preparation costs can be substantial for sheet and tile because the subfloor needs to be perfectly flat. This is true of any nail down hardwood floor, ceramic tile or vinyl tile floor too. However, the click product is much easier and requires little or no floor prep.
Many customers have found installation of click panels or squares over existing subfloors by themselves can save a great deal of money.
However, if your subfloor is smooth and flat, and the dimensions of the room requires no seams, i. On the other hand, if you live in an older home that has severe settling and needs serious attention, you probably will need a professional no matter what type of floor you purchase. Tip: Be realistic about your skills. Like any long term investment, you have to consider the cost of upkeep. Forbo Marmoleum is designed to last a very long time. It has earned the nickname "40 year linoleum" and "battleship linoleum" for good reason-it holds up under abuse and is inexpensive to maintain and repair.
For starters, all Marmoleum products come with TopShield2 built into the surface which is a protective sealer that makes cleaning dirt and scuff marks much easier. For those of you with dogs, cats or children, it's important to know that Marmoleum flooring, whether sheet, tile or click, will wear well. That's because it's a solid through-body product. Forbo does not claim that it will never be scratched, because it certainly can.
But, it can be easily and inexpensively repaired and re-sealed creating a long-lasting finish unlike vinyl, laminate or ceramic tile, which can be scratched or cracked and not easily repaired. Some of the largest users of Marmoleum are schools and hospitals.
The primary reason is because it holds up to heavy foot and wheelchair traffic of all types, is colorful, completely non-toxic, anti-microbial, anti-static and repairable. Marmoleum has proven that it can handle moisture very well. Recently divers explored relics for the year anniversary of the Titanic and discovered lots of Marmoleum flooring that was still intact in the cabins after being underwater for years!
You read that right. It has also proven that minor or major scratches can be buffed out with the right equipment. Making quick and easy repairs is far less expensive, time consuming and sustainable than sanding and refinishing the entire floor. Check out this great design tool from Forbo. Marmoleum Click offers 28 colors.
One of the cool things about the sheet goods is that you can cut patterns into them or use predesigned water-jet borders to add some real uniqueness to your design. These require professional installation, but add a striking custom look. Tip: One thing you'll notice about all Marmoleum colors are their matte finish.
They seem to blend beautifully with one another and with your home. Don't be afraid to experiment. Be bold, because once installed on the floor, even the strongest colors don't appear that way on the floor. If you haven't been to a Taco Bell lately, check out the front desk and surrounding walls which are both covered with Marmoleum sheet and wall panels. Below is a summary of all the Marmoleum products. Marmoleum Wall Panel System. Marmoleum Bulletin Board. Once you've chosen the color and style, please request a sample to review it in your home or office.
Samples are available on our website on the right hand margin below the add to cart button. Note: Marmoleum Sheet and Marmoleum Tile should not be glued directly to underlayment or subfloors made of luan, particleboard or chipboard because these materials expand and contract too much and are not stable.
Neither should they be applied over vinyl, asbestos or ceramic tile. If asbestos tile, please consult local authorities about abatement. Tip 1: If you live in an apartment or condo with concrete subfloors, make sure that it's Portland cement grey concrete and not gypsum white, lightweight or Gypcrete. Marmoleum Click is faster and cheaper to install than either Marmoleum Sheet or Marmoleum Tile, especially if you do it yourself.
It requires less floor preparation, no glue and can often be installed right over existing tile, vinyl, hardwood or even some not all commercial carpeting. Tip 3: Marmoleum Click requires a vapor barrier in the form of 6 ml plastic e. Moisture Block. However, if it's applied over existing vinyl, no vapor barrier is required.
Can I use Marmoleum in a bathroom or basement area? Not convinced? One of them was some linoleum flooring which was still intact after being under water for years! Forbo allows installation above or below grade for all its products, as long as moisture is controlled and does not get underneath the glue.
Although Marmoleum can handle water on the surface, it does require responsible moisture control. Marmoleum Sheet and Marmoleum Tile are very popular in commercial bathrooms and locker rooms such as schools, hospitals, and office buildings.
They are also widely popular in residential kitchens, bathrooms and basements. Can I install Marmoleum by myself? Marmoleum Sheet normally requires professional tools and lots of experience primarily because of the seams and the floor prep.
Some reliable contractors are often able to successfully install Marmoleum Sheet in these situations. If you're nervous about seams or handling large pieces of sheeting, but you want to do this yourself, we recommend using Marmoleum Tile MCT or Dual. The tile is much easier to work with and offers some unique design options. Even easier is the Marmoleum Click. Be realistic about your skills. While Marmoleum Click may be a DIY product, it requires some experience with construction equipment and patience.
Also Marmoleum Sheet and Marmoleum Tile may require extra sub-floor preparation in order to make the floor perfectly smooth and flat. It's because of this reason, that Marmoleum Click has become so popular in residential applications. However, when you consider the life cycle cost of Marmoleum, you need to include the cradle to grave costs of floor preparation, installation, maintenance and eventual removal.
In addition, the regular maintenance of Marmoleum is generally much less expensive than vinyl. When viewed long term, Marmoleum can be a less expensive option. After its useful life of years, it can be returned back into the earth from where it originated without any negative impact to the environment. When carpeting or vinyl is burned in a land fill, for example, they can cause serious air pollution; this takes a big toll on our health and our environment.
That may not translate into an immediate cost to our pocketbook, but contributing to the pollution of our environment eventually costs us all. Which product is best if I have kids and dogs?
Sheet 6. For product availability and information for your current location, you may prefer browsing our Bermuda site. Hardwood Any homeowner seeking traditional or contemporary natural styles can purchase their hardwood flooring from Linoleum City. I shop at estate sales here in San Francisco every weekend, and am occasionally less and less often as they years go by halted-in-my-tracks in the kitchen, yearning for the chance to take the original lino tile flooring home with me. By Seat.
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Linoleum flooring: history, ingredients, properties
InspectAPedia tolerates no conflicts of interest. We have no relationship with advertisers, products, or services discussed at this website. History, Components, Identification: this article provides information about linoleum flooring: the history of linoleum, linoleum ingredients, and the properties of linoleum resilient or sheet floor coverings.
Earlier, in the s, non-woven floor coverings were made of oil cloth - heavy canvas coated with wax or oils for water resistance and durability that were then painted. Our photo illustrates sheet flooring uncovered by reader JH in a 's apartment. JH was worried that this flooring might contain asbestos. Subsequent tests did not find asbestos in this floor sample.
This invention — patented in by a Scot, Sir Frederick Walton — had a revolutionary impact. From the late 19th century right up until the s, it was one of the few products which was simultaneously practical, hardwearing, non-flammable, low-maintenance and cheap. Before the advent of linoleum, the only available floor coverings for homes or communal buildings were wood or tiles.
In the early 20th century, about one hundred factories were combining natural materials linseed oil, jute, cork and pigments to make linoleum by the square meter. Tarkett ret. Because of its durability and ease of production, Sir Walton's linoleum quickly found use as a floor coverings in buildings - a much larger application than battleships. Linoleum's appeal rose from its properties as a durable, water-resistant sheet-type floor covering. Glued to a backer of jute or canvas to resist cracks and tears, this flooring has a long history of durability and service.
Descendents of Linoleum include Anaglypta and Lincrusta many writers spell it "Linocrusta or linacrusta" , an embossed patterned covering used on walls and ceilings.
While people often refer to those pre-vinyl sheet flooring products as "linoleum" in a true sense of ingredients they're not. Watch out : some asphalt-felt or black tar paper-like backed sheet flooring products might contain asbestos, as we'll explain next. According to Rosato , "The original resilient floor coverings were developed during the latter part of the Nineteenth Century by Frederick Walton.
The original covering was linoleum for use as a floor decking on British naval ships. Perhaps confusing traditional linoleum formulas that did not contain asbestos with the asphalt-impregnated felt mounted sheet flooring that did, Rosato asserted that. This description fits asphalt-saturated felt backed sheet flooring but not traditional or "true" linoleum, as you will read below. FPL note that saturated-felt based linoleum-like flooring appeared in the U. Asphalt-saturated felt-based sheet flooring was less expensive to produce and is [unfortunately] often referred to by the same term - linoleum - even though its constituents are different.
We warn below that many asphalt-saturated felts contained asbestos as either a strengthener in fiber form or as a filler in both sheet flooring and asphalt or vinyl based floor tiles. Those same authors note that cork flooring product names included Kencork, Linotile , and Corkoustic - of which Linotile may have added to the confusion about use of the term linoleum.
The photo above of a multi-colored square asphalt-felt-backed sheet flooring was provided by an anonymous reader who reported finding this flooring in a home built ca or before. For the asphalt-paper backed sheet flooring above widely described as "linoleum" , our advice was this:. True linoleum wouldn't be expected to contain asbestos, and felt-back linoleum lookalikes generally won't contain asbestos either; but some asphalt-paper-backed sheet flooring might, as asbestos was used as a reinforcement in some asphalt paper products and backings including for flooring.
A good option is to leave such flooring in place and simply cover it over: less risk, less cost. Our reader had a sample of this flooring tested by Western Analytical who reported that there was no asbestos detected in this flooring nor in the adhesive mastic used below it. There are modern linoleum products that still use these traditional non-asbestos-containing ingredients, there were asphalt-saturated felt-backed linoleum-like products, and today there are both traditional linoleum and modern non-linoleum lookalike sheet flooring products made of vinyl.
The "linoleum" photographs shown above and just below illustrate two traditional linoleum floor patterns. FPL Watch out : But as we explain below, there are also sheet flooring products loosely referred to as linoleum that are adhered to a felt backer and that may contain asbestos in that backing material.
Here is a photograph of an early pre-vinyl continuous floor covering, ca , in an historic Vermont house. We examined it in an non-public area of the Justin Morrill Homestead, a historic building in Vermont. The material has not been tested for asbestos fibers, but where we see what is obviously a jute backing it's not likely that this sheet flooring product contained asbestos.
Linoleum is the only floor covering offered on the market that is predominantly made of natural renewable raw materials. Linoleum is still in modern production we describe the ingredients in linoleum just below , and it is a very durable product. This age, combined with the observation that because of its constituent products linoleum is biodegradable, gives modern linoleum floor coverings a very low life-cycle cost.
Below we list the ingredients found in linoleum floor coverings. Because of its solid red color we wondered if this Gold Seal Congoleum product was a rubber-backed flooring product. The "linoleum" photo at left in rug pattern notice that the sheet flooring does not extend fully to the room perimeter illustrates a linoleum "rug".
Photos above of saturated felt-backed "linoleum" flooring installed on a bench top were provided by reader C. In addition to use on floors, linoleum was a popular covering for workbenches and kitchen counters and sink draining areas. I wanted to seek your advice on the attached images which is some sort of tiling that a previous homeowner put on a work bench as a covering.
I looked through your website, but couldn't find a match. Does this look like asbestos tiles to you? If so, any idea on the brand? Thanks in advance! Our guide to identifying older types of sheet flooring, including products that may contain asbestos, is found. There we describe some simple tests that can often confirm the flooring type and basic materials. From your photographs the pair above and second pair given below showing that the flooring product, now covering a workbench top, has a woven rug -patterned top layer over a black substrate or backer, I would guess that this is an asphalt felt paper-backed sheet flooring product resembling linoleum.
The "linoleum" photo at left in a "marbelized pattern" illustrates a similar example of black felt-backed sheet flooring referred to by some experts as "linoleum". We explain in this article that the ingredients of true linoleum include natural resins, linseed oil, color pigments, cork powder and limestone, with a jute backing. Those products do not contain and never contained asbestos. But other sheet flooring products loosely called "linoleum" may indeed contain asbestos.
US FPL The black backing and body of the flooring in your photos looks to me like an asphalt product, though I'd have to see and test a sample to know for certain. Watch out : some older felt underlayments and similar asphalt paper products used in flooring, roofing, and wall coverings or building papers contained asbestos.
While I'm doubtful that the small quantity of flooring in your photo presents a measurable asbestos hazard unless some fool grinds or rips it into shreds , it may thus contain asbestos. If this asphalt-felt backed antique flooring sample were mine I'd preserve it, or a square of it, as it may be historically important.
Your second photo of the four above right seems to show a plastic or glass cover over this sheet flooring "rug" as they were called. If you decide to dispose of the material as construction debris, I'd be glad to have you cut a pattern square and send it to me for lab examination pro-bono. While we have expertise in asbestos and other material identification in our forensic lab, if you needed an asbestos certification which in my opinion would be inappropriate for this case you'd want to use a certified asbestos test lab.
They are old - the kind that last a long time! The fleck type one was under several layers of flooring in my grandparents home. I think they built it around The backing is green but I cannot find a makers mark on it. Any idea if that means anything? Some Congoleum sheet flooring and also some Armstrong sheet flooring included a red or possibly green rubber backing that is not an asbestos material.
If you can examine the backing of this sheet flooring there is a good chance you'll see an Armstrong or Congoleum imprinted logo - do send me a photo of what you see.
Red backed sheet flooring by Congoleum is a rubber backing not asbestos ; green-backed sheet flooring is probably a similar product; asphalt felt paper some of which can contain asbestos would normally be black as it's an asphalt product. IF you are faced with a requirement for demolition and if you are uncertain about the flooring's asbestos content and cannot identify it through our guides, then you have a sample tested. Can you give me an idea of date or asbestos?
House was built This one is the last on top of tongue and groove. Black felt backing. With asphalt type adhesive. See my warning above about some older felt backing and some flooring adhesives that contain asbestos. I am in need of flooring expertise.
The sheet was either never glued to the floor, or the glue dissipated allowing it to be rolled up and removed from the house. I realize the only sure way to know is to have it tested — but does this image and the owners description of the back give you any feeling one way or the other?
Here's a close up of the back of the linoleum. Somebody dropped a bobby pin on the floor when they laid the linoleum!
The linoleum has a hard backing with no loose fibers that I can see. This picture was taken at about 2 inches close. Ultimately, anything I would use this for would require some cutting, which I am imagine could be done with a utility knife, as the flooring is still somewhat flexible.
You'll note the the red backer for this flooring differs from the product above. Red backer may indicate a rubber-based sheet flooring product. My husband and I just started tearing up our kitchen floor when a friend warned us about asbestos. It is not glued down but has. Ails here and there. We have stopped but now our kitchen is at an unusable standstill.
As we note in the first article, some of these sheet flooring products loosely called "linoleum" may indeed contain asbestos. US FPL , and some felt underlayment contained asbestos. I suspect yours does not, but you're right, you'd need to test a sample.
Keep in mind that if the material is intact and is not ground, sawn, or broken up so as to release debris, even if its backing contains asbestos the airborne levels over an intact floor may be below the limits of detection.